Toll/electronic toll – is a toll for using selected toll roads. Drivers are charged using an electronic system. The legal basis for this toll in Poland is the Act of 21 March 1985 on Public Roads (Journal of laws of 1985, No 14, item 60 with later amendments).
Road toll - is a toll for using selected sections of national toll motorways managed by the GDDKiA; tolls are paid in a manual way in dedicated toll booths. The legal basis for a toll road in Poland is the Toll Motorways and National Road Fund Act (Journal of laws of 1994, No 127, item 627 with later amendments).
Electronic toll collection system – viaTOLL - is an electronic system that charges road users for using selected sections of toll road network. In Poland this system is called viaTOLL.
Toll road network – is a network of selected sections of motorways, expressways and national roads managed by GDDKiA where the electronic toll collection system is in use. An up-to-date set of toll roads and the rates of electronic toll payment is specified in the Ministry of Infrastructure and by regulation of the Council of Ministers. Regulation of Council of Ministers on the list of national roads or their sections on which the toll shall be collected electronically and the rates of electronic toll payment of 22 March 2011.
Toll payer account - is a collection of data relating to all vehicles registered by road users in the viaTOLL system. This data includes chosen means and channels of payment and previous transactions. There are pre-pay and post-paid toll payer accounts.
viaBOX – is an on-board unit for toll-liable motor vehicles and combinations of vehicles with the maximum permissible weight of over 3.5 tonnes. The device transmits encoded information about the vehicle to receptors installed on gantries when the vehicle to which the viaBOX is attached passes beneath them. Thanks to viaBOX it is possible to make electronic payments for toll road usage.
Gantries/Toll Gantries – are constructions fitted with antennas and built along the toll road network. The antennas enable communication between the transmitters and the on-board unit – the viaBOX - mounted on the vehicle. Each time a vehicle equipped with viaBOX technology passes beneath the gantry the driver is charged for that particular section of toll road. Gantries are necessary elements of the system.
Vehicles required to pay electronic tolls are the motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles with maximum permissible weight of over 3.5 tonnes and buses regardless of its maximum permissible weight. Those vehicles contain: